According to foreign media reports, the plastic crisis is one of the challenges facing our global environment. At present, about 1270 tons of plastic flows into the ocean every year, which causes great harm to marine life, and can cause sea turtles to be entangled and suffocated by plastic objects, or even large in size. The whales are not immune, they swallowed plastic garbage and died of poisoning. Obviously, the main solution is to reduce the use of plastic products by humans. At present, people are beginning to develop new technologies, through diffusion thinking, and even through other species to find answers to the earth’s crisis.
Several microbiologists from Jinnah University in Pakistan discovered that Aspergillus tubinus can degrade polyurethane. They secrete an enzymatic substance to degrade plastic, and at the same time Aspergillus tubingi obtains food from the dissolved plastic.
Indonesian start-up Evoware uses seaweed as a solution. At present, the sandwiches, hamburger packaging, seasoning bags and coffee packaging bags made by the company, and soap packaging are all made with seaweed.
Here are the five most unexpected solutions to the plastic crisis:
Aspergillustubingensis is a dark fungus that exists in warmer environments. Previously, people thought it was a very common mushroom species, and there was nothing unique, but in recent years, scientists have discovered a remarkable feature of it-the ability to reduce the polyurethane in plastics. One of the most important problems with plastic is that it will not decompose or degrade, which is why plastic substances remain in our bodies.
It is very important for us to find substances that can decompose plastics. Several microbiologists from Jinnah University in Pakistan have discovered that Aspergillus tubinus can degrade polyurethane. They secrete an enzymatic substance to degrade plastic, and at the same time Aspergillus tubingi obtains food from the dissolved plastic. Research report* author Theron Khan said that this fungus can be used to decompose plastic waste in landfills.
2.Clean up the ocean
The “Great Pacific Garbage Belt” is an area of plastic waste in the ocean. It is located between California waters and Hawaiian waters. Its area is three times that of France, and there are about 80,000 tons of garbage. The 24-year-old Dutch inventor Bojan Slater led several engineers to start a marine debris removal system called the “001 System”. This is a huge, 600-meter-long floating garbage collector that can collect plastic garbage 3 meters below the sea surface.
At present, a garbage disposal ship collects these garbage every few months. The research team uses computer simulations and scale models to test and experiment the garbage disposal system. The floating garbage collector is currently moving towards the Great Pacific Garbage Belt. . Slater’s invention has been praised and criticized, but at present it is just a wait-and-see state, no one knows the specific work effectiveness of the floating garbage collector. Slut said: “The moment I look forward to most is to collect plastic waste from the ocean to prove the reliability of this technology.”
3. Road made of plastic
Another plastic waste disposal program comes from the “Plastic Highway” in the Netherlands. This is a bicycle path made from recycled plastic in Zwolle, the Netherlands. Put it in a landfill. Currently, this “plastic highway” uses 70% recycled plastic, but plans to use 100% recycled plastic soon. Companies that make “plastic highways” say that plastic materials are even more durable than asphalt, have shorter installation times, require less heavy equipment, and reduce their carbon footprint. The plastic road in Zwolle is 30 meters long, and the recycled plastic inside is equivalent to 218,000 plastic cups or 500,000 plastic bottle caps. A second plastic road will be built in Overijssel in November this year.
4. Seaweed instead of plastic
In recent years, engineers and designers have been trying to find other materials to replace plastic food packaging. Bioplastics are made from renewable biomass, usually vegetable fats, vegetable oils, tapioca starch, wood chips or food waste. Indonesian start-up Evoware uses seaweed as a solution. At present, the sandwiches, hamburger packaging, seasoning bags and coffee packaging bags that the company makes, and soap packaging are all made with seaweed. This kind of seaweed packaging can be dissolved in hot water, or in order to achieve zero waste, the seaweed packaging can also be eaten, which is sustainable and nutritious.
5. Plastic Bank
Plastic hazards have become a threat to the survival of marine life. According to estimates, by 2050, there may be more plastic fragments than fish in the ocean. Previously, researchers suggested that the idea of preventing plastics from entering the ocean is difficult to realize. At present, a social enterprise called “plastic bank” has emerged, which pays higher than market prices for plastic waste. People who collect plastic can use it in exchange for money, goods (fuel, stove) or other services, such as tuition.
Plastic Bank’s project is to encourage people to start collecting marine plastic garbage before it enters the waterways. At the same time, this practice helps increase people’s income, clear streets, and reduce the amount of garbage that flows into the ocean. The goal of the Plastic Bank is to make plastic more valuable, rather than throw it away at will, and turn it into a kind of “currency.” Then, the company sells the plastic to its customers, and they pay about three times the normal cost of the plastic. The company currently operates in Haiti, Brazil and the Philippines, and plans to operate in South Africa, India, Panama and the Vatican.
Link To This Article：Five Reliable Solutions To The Plastic Crisis
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